Ancient architecture

Achaemenid architecture refers to the achievements of the Achaemenid Iranians in building cities (Persepolis, Susa, Hegmataneh), temples for worship, and social gatherings (such as Zoroastrian temples), and tombs of past kings (such as the tomb of Cyrus). One of the basic features of this architecture is its combination with Median, Assyrian, Greek, and Asian elements.
The legacy of Achaemenid architecture began with the expansion of the empire around 550 BC. With the advent of the second Persian Empire, the Sassanid Empire (624-224 AD), Achaemenid traditions were revived with fire temples and huge palaces.
Perhaps the most prominent structure that survives to this day is the ruins of Persepolis, built by the Achaemenid king Darius the Great for governmental and ceremonial purposes and was one of the four capitals of the empire. The construction and completion of Persepolis took a hundred years. A similar architecture was built in Susa and Hegmataneh by Darius the Great. Persepolis was used to receive prominent personalities and foreign representatives, hold royal ceremonies, and house kings.
Persepolis is the modern name of “Parseh.” “Parseh” is from the ancient Persian language, and the Greeks called it Persepolis (Greek for “city gambler”). This building is called Persepolis or the royal palace of Jamshid, the mythical king of Iran mentioned in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh.
According to various historical sources, the construction of Persepolis began about 25 centuries ago on the western slope of Mount Rahmat, in other words, Mitra or Mehr and in the time of Darius the Great, and then continued by his successors with changes in its original structure.
According to the clay inscriptions discovered in Persepolis, countless architects, artists, craftsmen, workers, men, and women of different nationalities participated in constructing this magnificent building. How to build The full area of ​​Persepolis palaces is 125,000 square meters, which are built on a platform that is between 8 and 18 meters above the surface of the Marvdasht plain, and consists of the following important parts:
Official and ceremonial palaces of Persepolis (Gate of Nations Palace)
Living room and small private palaces
Royal Treasury
Fortifications and fortifications
Finally, Persepolis The complex of Persepolis palaces was set on fire by Alexander the Great in the year (330 BC) and all its buildings were destroyed.
One of the surviving and half-ruined buildings is the main entrance of Persepolis, which is known as Apadana Palace, and consists of a central hall with 36 columns and three 12-column porches in the northern southern and eastern parts, with north and east porches by stairs. They are connected to the opposite yards. The height of the plateau at the site of Apadana Palace is 16 meters, and the height of its columns is 18 meters.
This collection is registered in the list of historical monuments of Iran and also in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Leave a Comment